The Pediatric Ophthalmology and Squint service at Mathrushree Nethralaya, provides evaluation and treatment for the full range of eye conditions that affect children. Children experience a variety of eye problems, many quite distinct from adult eye diseases.
We manage following disorders:
Amblyopia (lazy eye) occurs when the vision of one eye is significantly better than the other eye, and the brain begins to rely on the better eye and ignore the weaker one. Amblyopia affects 4% of the population and is clinically diagnosed when the refractive error of one eye is more than 1.5 diopters different than the other eye. The management of amblyopia involves correcting of significant refractive errors and using techniques that encourage the brain to pay attention to the weaker eye such as patching the stronger eye(occlusion therapy)
Refractive errors In order to see clearly, light rays from an object must focus onto the inner back layer of the eye [See figure 1]. The eye works like a camera. It has an opening at the front (the pupil), a focusing lens inside (crystalline lens), and a light-sensing portion at the back (the retina). If light rays are not focused on the retina, a refractive error is present. The refractive errors are: myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism
Pediatric cataracts A cataract is a clouding of the lens inside the eye which leads to a decrease in vision. It is the most common cause of blindness and is conventionally treated with surgery. Visual loss occurs because opacification of the lens obstructs light from passing and being focused on to the retina at the back of the eye
Pediatric glaucoma: Glaucoma is a group of diseases characterized by damage to the optic nerve that often occurs when the eye pressure is elevated and can result in severe vision loss. Glaucoma is more common in the elderly but can develop at any age. Infants and children with glaucoma typically have different signs and symptoms than adults.
MD(Ophth)(AIIMS)(Gold Medal), DNB, FRCS (Glasgow) Ex-Senior Registrar (AIIMS) in Oculoplasty, Orbit, Ocular Oncology & Pediatric Ophthalmology